Saturday , 1 November 2014

Mediastinum

Different Section of Mediastinum

The mediastinum is defined as ‘the space which is sandwiched between the two pleural sacs’. The mediastinum is a midline, narrow and elongated space (containing many structures including heart  and great vessels) between the right and left pleural  cavities. For descriptive purposes the mediastinum is divided by a line drawn horizontally from the sternal angle to the lower border of T4 (angle of ... Read More »

Hiccough

Hiccough Causes

Introduction Abrupt, involuntary, synchronous contraction of the diaphragm and the inspiratory intercostal muscles, followed by immediate closure of the glottis , the glottic closure is responsible for characteristic inspiratory sound and associated discomfort. Though hiccough is a normal, benign and transient physiological phenomenon, many a time persistent hiccough pose problem in management. Read More »

Morning Sickness

Morning Sickness

Morning Sickness Nausea and vomiting can be one of the first indications of pregnancy, and generally starts around the sixth week of pregnancy. It can happen at whenever of the day, and for most ladies it appears to stop at the twelfth week of pregnancy.Morning sickness is not hurtful to you or your infant, however in the event that you ... Read More »

Pharyngitis

pharyngitis

Pharyngitis: Pharyngitis, or sore throat, is discomfort, pain, or scratchiness in the throat. It often makes it painful to swallow.The peculiar features of pharyngitis are Principal involvement is in the throat. Uncommon below 1 year. Peak at 4-7 years & continues throughout life. Prominent in cases of Diphtheria, herpangina, adenovirus & Infectious mononucleosis. Read More »

Fourth Heart Sound (S4)

fourth heart sound

Fourth Heart Sound (S4) Fourth Heart Sound or S4 is also known as presystolic gallop or atrial gallop. S4 is produced by a rapid emptying of the atrium into non-compliant ventricle. A fourth sound can sometimes be heard immediately before the first sound when atrial pressure is high or the ventricle is stiff in conditions such as ventricular hypertrophy. It ... Read More »

Scroll To Top